23 Sep 2006

花花世界之莲与荷

莲花和荷花有什么不同?这是大家常常问的问题。

《辞海》对“莲”的定义是莲子;莲蓬。“莲花”的解释则是“即荷花”。

再来看一看“荷”是什么。“植物名。学名Nelumbo nucifera。亦称为‘莲’。”

我也找了明朝的著名医药学家——李时珍(1518-1593)的《本草纲目》。《本草纲目》说:“莲茎上负荷叶,叶上负荷花,故名。”

按这样看来,莲花就是荷花,荷花就是莲花了。

可是,我记得我的前上司兼学姐曾经告诉我莲与荷的分别,而颜色先生也向呼吸的747说过莲、荷的不同。因此,我尝试在互联网上寻找答案。

原来莲、荷是指不同的部位。荷是花和叶子的总称。莲是指果实,也就是莲子了。只是现在人们混称了,把花也称为“莲花”,叶子则称为“莲叶”。不过,莲子和莲藕就没有人称为“荷子”或“荷藕”了。

除了以莲、荷来称呼不同的部位之外,从前的人也以花开的情况来给荷花取不同的名字。盛开的荷花称为芙蓉或芙蕖(qú);含苞待放的荷花称为菡萏(hàn dàn)。看,古人多精致和细腻啊!

其实是另一种叫睡莲的花,让大家混淆了。英文中的“lotus”是指荷花或莲花;睡莲是“water lily”。

睡莲长得和荷花很相似,都是多年生水生植物。不同的地方是:




荷花的叶子和花挺出水面。






睡莲的叶子和花则是懒洋洋地浮在水面。






如果再细看的话,就会发现睡莲的叶子除了贴在水面上外,还有深裂缝。荷花的叶子则是圆形、无裂缝,并且伸出水面。

另外,荷花凋谢之后,可以看见莲蓬,当然还有看不见的、藏在地下的地下茎——莲藕了。睡莲凋谢之后,花梗便会鞠躬向下,水面上当然是看不见类似莲蓬的东西了。睡莲也没有肥大的莲藕。

问题是春末夏初时,刚刚长出来的几片荷叶,称为荷钱或藕荷,也是懒洋洋地紧贴水面。藕荷也因此常被误认为睡莲。遇到这样的情况,我们是要怎样判断何者是荷花,何者是睡莲呢?

资料显示,只有叶子没有花的很可能是荷花,有叶子又有花的是睡莲。(有点“废”的资料,是吗?)另外,荷花的叶子散生于水面,睡莲的叶子则可以看到叶柄由水面以下向上辐射开来。据说,如果无法通过以上两种方法确定的话,那么就在叶子上滴几滴水,能够聚集成水珠的,就是荷花。水滴散成一片的,就是睡莲了。(有没有人可以做这个实验?)

希望这一篇文章能够给大家知道荷花和睡莲的差异。要记得荷花就是莲花,睡莲才和荷花不同哦!

糟了,我阿公替我取这个名字时,不知道是指荷,还是指睡莲?我当然是希望像睡莲一样懒洋洋了。可是,应该没有人希望自己的孙女懒洋洋的吧?我还是乖乖地当努力伸出水面的芙蓉好了。

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17 Comments:

At 23 September, 2006 09:57, Anonymous Bee Teng said...

Very sure that you are lotus, not water lily cause can see that you are working very hard on this blog... Your "阿公" didn't give you the wrong name, not to worry ;)

 
At 23 September, 2006 14:28, Blogger 栩仔 said...

哈哈,原来你是种花的!

 
At 23 September, 2006 15:54, Blogger 碧绿荷塘 said...

I just told TK that maybe my grandpa gave me the wrong name, so I always look like very busy.
Sometimes even dunno what I'm busy with.
But luckily still can show some results at the end of the busy days.

 
At 23 September, 2006 16:16, Anonymous Bee Teng said...

Compare with my name, trust me, your name is so so so good, he he... My name ah... sigh... No daugther anymore, they want boy, so have to stop me lor...

 
At 23 September, 2006 17:05, Anonymous yin said...

说到莲花,我自然会想起宋代周敦颐(1017~1073)〈爱莲说〉的“予独爱莲之出淤泥而不染”。而且莲花也是佛的象征,出污泥而不染,至清至纯。可见,你的名字涵义非凡,应该感谢长辈给你取了好名字。

 
At 23 September, 2006 17:06, Blogger 碧绿荷塘 said...

You should feel happy as your parents just want to "stop" the daughters and not to use your name to "call" for sons.
Just imagine if your name is 招弟、来娣 or 来棣...
"言亭" is much more better, right?

 
At 23 September, 2006 17:39, Blogger 碧绿荷塘 said...

婉迎,其实我是蛮担心自己会糟蹋了阿公给我的名字。
“出淤泥而不染”谈何容易呢?
更糟糕的是,如果我就是淤泥,那要怎么办?
嘻嘻……

 
At 23 September, 2006 17:41, Blogger 碧绿荷塘 said...

栩仔,欢迎你来。
种花不容易,要慢慢耕耘才会花儿怒放。
^_^

 
At 24 September, 2006 19:56, Anonymous yin said...

我只是看见你像白荷花那么洁白,哪会是淤泥呀!

 
At 25 September, 2006 10:07, Anonymous Bee Teng said...

Ha ha... Should thanks my grandpa gave me "言亭" instead of 招弟、来娣 or 来棣 then. Talk about 来娣, I got a primary school mate name 来娣, lost contact for so many years but meet her at college again about few years ago, so sad that she meet in an accident with her boy friend at Australia during her convocation... Have to enjoy our life when we still can...

 
At 25 September, 2006 18:19, Blogger 碧绿荷塘 said...

I told my friends about the story behind your name when we had dinner together yesterday.
My friend told me that she has a friend who has 6 sisters got the similar story as well.
One of them is called 婷婷, just like your name, to stop more daughters from coming.
Another called 美美 to symbolise no more (没) daughter.
Canggih kan?

 
At 25 September, 2006 18:20, Blogger 碧绿荷塘 said...

谢谢婉迎的夸奖。
^_^

 
At 26 September, 2006 09:39, Anonymous Bee Teng said...

Ha ha... No wonder my grandpa technique fail cause my name is "山美 言亭", means no stop right, ha ha...

 
At 26 September, 2006 15:28, Blogger 碧绿荷塘 said...

You're so bad.
Laughed at your grandpa.

 
At 27 September, 2006 09:34, Anonymous Bee Teng said...

Actually very happy to get another sister, lucky his tricks fail, ha ha...

 
At 28 September, 2006 02:50, Blogger 碧绿荷塘 said...

Yupe, I always feel glad that I have two brothers and two sisters.
We spent a lot of good time together when we were kids, especially Ying.
^_^

 
At 14 December, 2009 08:50, Anonymous Anonymous said...

well.. it's like I said!

 

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